Temple Beth Israel

Temple Beth Israel

Austin Organ Company Opus No. 1853 –  1934, 1975
3 Manuals, 44 Ranks
Restoration by Austin Organ Service Company ( 2002-2005)

Congregation Beth Israel
Established 1843
701 Farmington Ave.
West Hartford, CT 06119

BethIsraelBldg

Designated an Historic Instrument by the Organ Historical Society

This important Austin organ was recently designated an historic organ by the Organ Historical Society. The instrument was designed by the company’s noted tonal designer James B. Jamison. Orpha Ochse devoted a sizeable section of her new book, Austin Organs (2001), to the Beth Israel Austin. Dr. Ochse relates the historic importance of the organ as an early
example of a transitional tonal design, bridging the older orchestral emphasis and moving toward a more classical ensemble. The unenclosed Diapason chorus of independent 16′, 8′, 4′, 2-2/3′, 2′ and III Mixture stops was unique for its day.

Since 2002, the temple congregation has
demonstrated their commitment to the historic integrity of the instrument by gradually restoring the organs actions and bellows and by replacing the Echo pipe work (which had gone missing) with vintage Austin .

GREAT ORGAN
Open Diapason 34sc. 16′ 73 pipes, metal
First Open  Diapason 42 sc. 8′ 73 pipes, metal
* Second Open  Diapason 44 sc. 8′ 73 pipes, metal
* Violoncello  55 sc. 8′ 73 pipes, metal
* Claribel  Flute usual with #3 stpd bass 8′ 73 pipes, wood
* Gemshorn  49 tapered 8′ 73 pipes, metal
Octave 56 4′ 73 pipes, metal
* Harmonic Flute #3 4′ 73 pipes, metal
Twelfth 67 2b’ 61 pipes, metal
Super Octave 70 2′ 61 pipes, metal
Grave  Mixture  scales later III 183 pipes, metal
* Trumpet 5″ 8′ 73 pipes,  reed
Chimes (From Echo) 25 notes
Great Sub Choir to Great Sub
Great Unison Choir to Great Unison
Great Octave
Swell to Great Sub
Choir to Great Octave
Choir to Great 2b’
Swell to Great Unison Choir to Great 2′
Swell to Great Octave Echo to Great Sub
Echo to Great Unison
*  = Enclosed in Choir swellbox Echo to Great Octave
SWELL ORGAN
Bourdon #4 16′ 73 pipes, wood
Open  Diapason 46 low cut, bright 8′ 73 pipes, metal
Stopped Diapason #3 8′ 73 pipes, wood
Salicional 58 8′ 73 pipes, metal
Voix Celeste 58 8′ 61 pipes, metal
Aeoline 61 8′ 73 pipes, metal
Octave 58 4′ 73 pipes, metal
Orchestral Flute fl. traverso scale 4′ 73 pipes, wood
Flautino usual 2′ 61 pipes, metal
Posaune 6″ 16′ 73 pipes,  reed
Horn 4½” corno. 8′ 73 pipes,  reed
Oboe usual 8′ 73 pipes,  reed
Clarion 3½” 4′ 73 pipes,  reed
Tremolo
Swell Sub Great to Swell Sub
Swell Unison Great to Swell Unison
Swell Octave Great to Swell Octave
Echo to Swell Unison
CHOIR ORGAN
Violin Diapason 49 8′ 73 pipes, metal
Viola d’Gamba 58 8′ 73 pipes, metal
Concert  Flute   usual large with #3 stopt bass 8′ 73 pipes, wood
Flute Celeste  usual scale 8′ 61 pipes, wood
Dulciana 55 8′ 73 pipes, metal
Unda Maris 55 8′ 61 pipes, matal
Flute d’Amour usual 8′ 73 pipes, wood
Harmonic Piccolo usual 2′ 61 pipes, metal
Clarinet small type 8′ 73 pipes,  reed
Corno d’Amour 4½ capt. 8′ 73 pipes,  reed
Harp A.O. Co. 8′ 61 bars
Harp Celeste 4′ 61 notes
Tremolo  (Austin electric Motor  Fan Type)
Choir Sub Swell to Choir Sub
Choir Unison Swell to Choir Unison
Choir Octave Swell to Choir Octave
Echo to Choir Unison
ECHO ORGAN
* Gedeckt #4 scale 8′ 73 pipes, wood
* Muted Viole 70 8′ 73 pipes, metal
* Vox Angelica 70 8′ 61 pipes, metal
* Chimney Flute usual 4′ 73 pipes, metal
* Vox Humana (separate chest & valve tremolo) 4″ 8′ 61 pipes,  reed
Ramshorn (Limited Compass)  special scale 8′ 2 octaves from G to G 25 pipes
Chimes  P 25 Tubes
Chimes  F
* = Pipes remove due to severe damage by air conditioning installers. Division will be restored soon with vintage matching pipes.
Echo Sub
Echo Unison
Echo Octave
Great to Echo
PEDAL ORGAN
Resultant 32′ 32 notes
Open Diapason #3 scale 16′ 32 pipes, wood
Second Open (GT) 16′ 32 notes
Violone  (GT Ext.) 16′ 12 pipes,  20 notes
Bourdon #3 16′ 32 pipes, wood
Lieblich Gedeckt (SW) 16′ 32 notes
Octave (Open Ext.) 8′ 12 pipes,  20 notes
Major Flute (Bourdon Ext.) 8′ 32 notes
Violoncello (GT) 8′ 32 notes
Minor Flute (SW) 8′ 32 notes
Trombone 7½” (SW Ext.) 16′ 12 pipes, 20 notes, reed
Posaune (SW) 16′ 32 notes, reed
Trumpet (GT) 8′ 32 notes, reed
Swell to Pedal
Swell to Pedal Octave
Great to Pedal
Great to Pedal Octave
Choir to Pedal
Choir to Pedal Octave
Echo to Pedal

 NOTES

Contract signed February 13, 1934; First used, September 28, 1935

Contract signed between Austin Organs, Inc., and Congregation Beth Israel May 29, 1975

-Removed Echo pipes, disconnected Echo and Vox Humana windchests.
-Factory rebuilt 8′ Ramshorn and its windchest. Shofar revoiced on 9″ wind pressure.
-Removed Echo expression shades.
-Cleaned Great pipes and windchest.
-Factory revoiced Swell 8′ Horn and 8′ Oboe (with as few changes as possible)
-Cleaned & regulated Great 8′ Trumpet, Swell 16′ Posaune and Swell 4′ Clarion.
-Rewired the Crescendo Pedal.
-Installed a pneumatic check action for the console combination action.

Project authorized 2002 by Congregation Beth Israel (Echo Chamber):

-Replaced old Chimes action with new action from Organ Supply Industries.
-Releathered Ramshorn windchest. Spot regulated and tuned 25 pipes.

Contract signed May 7, 2003 between Austin Organ Service Company and Congregation Beth Israel:

-Reactioned all windchests in Main Organ (692 actions).
-Rebuilt large wind pressure regulator bellows
-Rebuilt two expression engines.
-Miscellaneous minor repairs.

Yet to be done:

-Echo organ restoration. Vintage Austin pipes to restore missing ranks.
-Clean, regulate 8′ Ramshorn. New wind pressure regulator (9″ w.p.)

This Austin Organ has been designated an historic instrument by the Organ Historical Society